Beltaine is one of the most important Celtic festivals, which is celebrated at night from 30th April to 1st May. With the arrival of Beltaine the nature is already awake, full of energy and in bloom. The days are longer and the sun is more powerful. On Beltain night two big fires were lit. A maypole was erected between them at midnight, which was considered the connection between Heaven and Earth. Cattle were carried between two fires.
The maypole was decorated with colorful ribbons, symbolizing fertility, growth and life. A dark half of the year, associated with winter, leaves on Beltain night and the other, bright and fruitful, comes. There are good conditions for cleansing rituals during magic Beltain night. It is necessary to destroy all the old in the fire so that the new can be born. Therefore the jack-straw dolls from Samhain were thrown into the fire as well.
People should enjoy this night, they should celebrate, sing, dance and make love. They should establish their inner balance, to say goodbye to the melancholic winter and to start to rejoice from the sun’s rays, which give strength and life!
During Beltaine, in the period when the time of love and full fertility comes, the goddess Rhiannon was worshiped. It is said that during the celebration of the goddess Ostara (Easter season), people made love as a test to be ready for Beltaine. On Beltain night no obligations were valid among couples. Men and women could behave and act like single people.